The optimal pathway for ITAR reform

The optimal pathway for ITAR reform



19 May 2023




Washington DC time: Thursday, 18 May, 9.00-10.00pm EDT

Price tag aside, one of the biggest obstacles to the success of AUKUS is export controls. Stakeholders in all three AUKUS countries are increasingly concerned that the United States International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) present a significant challenge to the timely sharing of equipment, information, and technology between the three countries. These challenges are not new, but the stakes have never been higher. Realising the full potential of AUKUS hinges on timely ITAR reform. Indeed, ITAR reform is essential to the delivery of Australia’s nuclear-powered submarines under AUKUS Pillar I and fostering genuinely trilateral collaboration on advanced capabilities under AUKUS Pillar II.

How might ITAR provisions hamper the implementation of the AUKUS agreement? Why did previous efforts to reform US export controls for Australia and the United Kingdom fall short? What sorts of revisions are being considered across the US system? Is the best route to enduring ITAR reform through legislative action or an executive order?

In a report released prior to this webinar, non-resident fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, Dr William Greenwalt and USSC Research Fellow in the Foreign Policy and Defence program Tom Corben tackled these questions and provided a roadmap towards reforming ITAR to realise the full potential of AUKUS. The Centre hosted a webinar with the authors, along with USSC non-resident fellow Jennifer Jackett, for a discussion on reforming US export controls to realise the potential of AUKUS.


  • Dr William Greenwalt
    Dr William Greenwalt
    Non-Resident Senior Fellow, American Enterprise Institute

    Dr William C. Greenwalt is a Non-Resident Senior Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) where he focuses on the expansion of America’s defence industrial base, technology-transfer reform, defence acquisition and procurement reform, technology policy and innovation, and the civil-military integration of US and allied commercial and defence industrial bases.

  • Tom Corben
    Tom Corben
    Research Fellow, Foreign Policy and Defence, United States Studies Centre

    Tom Corben is a Research Fellow in the Foreign Policy and Defence Program at the United States Studies Centre, where he works on US Indo-Pacific Strategy, regional strategic dynamics, defence industry and technology issues, and alliance modernisation trends.

  • Jennifer Jackett
    Jennifer Jackett
    Non-Resident Fellow, Foreign Policy and Defence Program, United States Studies Centre

    Jennifer Jackett is a Non-Resident Fellow in the Foreign Policy and Defence Program at the United States Studies Centre.

The Foreign Policy and Defence Program receives funding support from the following partners