Centre research associate Marc Palen explores the long controversy surrounding the contested presidential election of 1876 between Republican Rutherford B. Hayes and Democrat Samuel Tilden. The subsequent compromise of 1877 held within it the fate of the Reconstruction South and the national political system; its reverberations were felt particularly strongly in 2000 amid the close presidential race between George W. Bush and Al Gore. The essay can be found in​​ A Companion to the Reconstruction Presidents 1865-1881, edited by Edward O. Frantz and published by Chichester: Wiley Blackwell in 2014.